Wednesday, November 23, 2011

Animal Diseases

Allergic Dermatitis


Allergic Dermatitis

Dogs can have allergic reactions to grooming products, food, and environmental irritants, such as pollen or insect bites. A dog with allergies may scratch relentlessly, and a peek at the skin often reveals an ugly rash. Corticosteroids can help with itchy rashes, but the most effective treatment is to identify and avoid exposure to the allergens

Dog paw red and irritated with allergy

Yeast Infection

 

If your dog can't seem to stop scratching an ear or licking her toes, ask your veterinarian to check for a yeast infection. Symptoms include irritated, itchy, or discolored skin. The infection usually strikes the paws or ears, where yeast has a cozy space to grow. Yeast infections are easy to diagnose and often respond well to a topical cream. In some cases, your veterinarian may prescribe oral drugs or medicated baths.

Inside of dog's ear filled with yeast

Dog's belly irritated by folliculitis


Despite its name, ringworm is not caused by a worm, but by a fungus. The term "ring" comes from the circular patches that form on a dog's head, paws, ears, and forelegs. Inflammation, scaly patches, and hair loss often surround the lesions. Puppies less than a year old are the most susceptible, and the infection can spread quickly between dogs in a kennel or to pet owners at home. Various anti-fungal treatments are available.


Beagle with ringworm on nose

Bare spot dog's back caused by Alopecia

Dog with mange/Microscopic image of mange-mite

Flea on dog's belly

        Tick before and after feeding on dog's blood

      Skin flakes in dog's coat

      Acral Lick Granuloma

      Also called acral lick dermatitis, this is a frustrating skin condition caused by compulsive, relentless licking of a single area -- most often on the front of the lower leg. The area is unable to heal, and the resulting pain and itching can lead the dog to keep licking the same spot. Treatment includes discouraging the dog from licking, either by using a bad-tasting topical solution or an Elizabethan collar

      Small tumor on skin of dog's ear


      Inflamed hot spot on dog's back

      Listless dog with lupus


      Dog Scooting in Yard

      Vet examining dog with healthy coat
      What Causes Skin Conditions in Dogs?
      If you notice your dog's skin is rough, flaky or irritated and he is scratching, biting or licking it more than usual then he might be suffering from a skin condition, and your veterinarian may recommend tests to identify the exact reason. Common causes include:


      AllergiesYour pet may be allergic to either food or environmental factors like dust, pollen or mold.
      ParasitesFleas, lice and mites can all cause mild to severe skin irritation.
      Hormonal
      Imbalances
      Pets with too much or too little of certain hormones are prone to skin problems.
      InfectionsBacterial infections can cause skin problems.



      The Importance of Nutrition
      The food your pet eats plays an important role in his or her overall health and well-being. Balanced nutrition is an essential part of an active, healthy lifestyle. When your pet has a skin condition, it's even more important to feed the right food.
      How can the right food help?
      Some skin conditions can be cleared up quickly, while others need lifelong management. The good news is, most pets with skin conditions can be helped if you feed the right food, even if the cause of the condition is not dietary. Some important nutrients that can help heal protect your pet's skin include:
      Protein
      High-quality protein provides the building blocks for natural cell repair. Feeding unique protein sources, such as venison or duck, can also help reduce reaction in pets with a food allergy or intolerances to more common ingredients.
      Essential Fatty Acids
      A food containing high levels of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, found naturally in fish oil, will help nourish and protect your pet's skin to prevent dryness.
      Antioxidants
      Vitamin E and other antioxidants are vital in helping to maintain your pet's healthy immune system, and protect it from cellular oxidation caused by free radicals.
      Combining these nutrients in a single pet food provides a convenient way to manage your pet's skin condition.
      Does my pet have a skin condition?
      Your pet's skin should be smooth and soft with no flaking, redness or signs of irritation. It should be neither too dry nor too oily and have no areas of hair loss. For an accurate diagnosis and treatment options, always consult your veterinarian.

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